Gym Periods and Monthly Periods, 1900–1940

Martha H. Verbrugge

in Active Bodies

Published in print November 2012 | ISBN: 9780195168792
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199949649 | DOI:
Gym Periods and Monthly Periods, 1900–1940

Show Summary Details


Chapter 3 examines physical educators’ views and policies regarding students’ participation in gym class during their menstrual periods. Interpreting menstruation in mechanical rather than strictly biochemical terms, teachers worried about the adverse effects of vigorous physical activity before and during menses. Between 1900 and 1920, most collegiate departments excused students from attending regular gym class during their periods. During the 1930s and 1940s, however, they mandated participation in most activities (except for swimming and horse riding). Chapter 3 traces this significant shift through a case study of regulations at Smith College. It relates gym teachers’ changing attitudes and policies to their quest for professional authority in the context of higher education’s increased supervision of undergraduate behavior between the 1920s and 1940s.

Keywords: exercise; gym class; menstruation; undergraduate behavior; Smith College

Chapter.  5774 words. 

Subjects: History of the Americas

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Buy this work at Oxford University Press »

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.