Neural Bases of Cognitive Development

Margot J. Taylor

in Lifespan Cognition

Published in print April 2006 | ISBN: 9780195169539
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199847204 | DOI:
Neural Bases of Cognitive Development

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At birth, an infant's brain and central nervous system contain all the components found in all adult brain, just as the newborn's body has all the parts in the right places, but the growth and development over infancy and childhood are as remarkable for the brain as for the body. Understanding the development of brain structure and function is critical to understanding the development of cognitive abilities. This chapter first reviews the basic physiological maturation of the brain and then links these changes with some examples of cognitive development. It discusses the physiological measures of brain development, myelination, maturation of white matter and gray matter, functional measures of neural development over childhood, experience and developmental changes, functional changes with development, neural correlates of the development of face processing, neural correlates of the development of language skills, and changes in brain structure and function across the lifespan.

Keywords: brain; central nervous system; growth; cognitive development; childhood; cognitive abilities; physiological maturation; myelination; experience; language skills

Chapter.  8620 words. 

Subjects: Cognitive Psychology

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