Chapter

Aging and Long-Term Memory: Deficits Are Not Inevitable

Rose T. Zacks and Lynn Hasher

in Lifespan Cognition

Published in print April 2006 | ISBN: 9780195169539
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199847204 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169539.003.0011
Aging and Long-Term Memory: Deficits Are Not Inevitable

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This chapter summarizes major empirical generalizations about aging and memory and then discusses episodic memory (or deliberate, intentional memory for particular events) as well as research on mechanisms of retrieval and on memory errors (source and false memories). Finally, the chapter considers non-cognitive (social, biological) factors that have important moderating effects on age differences in memory. Although it is far from certain that a common underlying factor accounts for the basic developmental patterns that have been found in studies examining age differences in recollection and familiarity, source memory, and memory errors, there seems to be a common empirical thread. The available evidence suggests that we may have seriously underestimated the memory abilities of older adults.

Keywords: aging; long-term memory; episodic memory; memory errors; age differences; source memory; recollection; familiarity; older adults

Chapter.  11370 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Cognitive Psychology

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