Chapter

Distinctiveness Effects in Children's Memory

Mark L. Howe

in Distinctiveness and Memory

Published in print April 2006 | ISBN: 9780195169669
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199847563 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169669.003.0011
Distinctiveness Effects in Children's Memory

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This chapter discusses the importance of distinctiveness in the development of memory in childhood. It outlines what research does exist on children's memory and distinctiveness, both in more traditional paradigms (for example, isolation effects, bizarre imagery, and similarity and difference judgments) and in some less-traditional areas (intentional forgetting, recoding, and false memories). These data are reviewed in two contexts: immediate memory and long-term retention of information over protracted periods of time. The chapter then considers the theoretical importance of distinctiveness effects in memory development and briefly describes two recent theories that can account for these developments. Finally, it discusses the importance of localizing distinctiveness effects in the basic memory processes of encoding, storage, and retrieval.

Keywords: distinctiveness; children's memory; distinctiveness effects; immediate memory; retention; encoding; storage; retrieval; memory development

Chapter.  9417 words. 

Subjects: Cognitive Psychology

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