Chapter

Temporal Dynamics in Reasoning

Michael Spivey

in The Continuity of Mind

Published in print December 2006 | ISBN: 9780195170788
Published online September 2007 | e-ISBN: 9780199786831 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195170788.003.0010
 Temporal Dynamics in Reasoning

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This chapter discusses a number of potentially dynamical findings in high-level cognition. It is noted that some of the tension between symbolic approaches and dynamic approaches might be successfully addressed by symbolic dynamics, a field that grew out of complexity theory. Certain findings in problem solving research suggest a blurring of the distinction between cognition and action. Some debates in the concepts and categories literature may dissolve when placed in an attractor landscape framework. Moreover, certain probabilistic reasoning tasks are nicely predicted by probability summation over time. It is argued that certain results in higher cognition are problematic for rule-and-symbol accounts of mind, and are well accommodated by a dynamic systems framework.

Keywords: reasoning; symbolic dynamics; concepts; problem solving; insight problems; contrast model; Monty Hall problem; Wason task

Chapter.  12668 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Neuropsychology

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