Three Strikes Comes to California

Franklin E. Zimring, Gordon Hawkins and Sam Kamin

in Punishment and Democracy

Published in print December 2003 | ISBN: 9780195171174
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199849765 | DOI:

Series: Studies in Crime and Public Policy

Three Strikes Comes to California

Show Summary Details


This chapter tells the history of the Three Strikes proposal and provides a summary of its terms. What makes the story of Three Strikes unusual in the annals of state government is that California's Three Strikes proposal originated from marginal pressure groups without any powerful constituency in the legislative or executive branches of state government. Yet it became law without any significant amendment. This chapter begins with a capsule history of the Three Strikes initiative in California from a proposal to legislation to an initiative adopted by the voters. A second section lists a few of the objections that can be made to the penal approaches of the initiative. The third section takes more space to describe the two sets of “missing persons” in the California legislative process.

Keywords: penal law; pressure groups; Three Strikes law; missing persons; California legislative process

Chapter.  5496 words. 

Subjects: Criminal Law

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