Three Strikes as Crime Control

E.Zimring Franklin, Gordon Hawkins and Sam Kamin

in Punishment and Democracy

Published in print December 2003 | ISBN: 9780195171174
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199849765 | DOI:

Series: Studies in Crime and Public Policy

Three Strikes as Crime Control

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This chapter explains the logic of the test for the short-term deterrent impact of Three Strikes and demonstrates that the 1994 law could have had only a small fraction of the deterrent impact that has been attributed to it. It first outlines the claims made by California law enforcement about the effectiveness of Three Strikes in California cities before and after the effective date of Three Strikes and discusses the ambiguities of these trends as evidence of the new law's impact. It defines and contrasts two potential sources of Three Strikes crime prevention — incapacitation and deterrence — and addresses the likely timing of the impacts from these two different mechanisms.

Keywords: crime prevention; incapacitation; deterrence; crime control

Chapter.  6817 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Criminal Law

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