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The Book of Job in Medieval Jewish Philosophy

Robert Eisen

Published in print September 2004 | ISBN: 9780195171532
Published online January 2007 | e-ISBN: 9780199785162 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171532.001.0001
The Book of Job in Medieval Jewish Philosophy

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This book analyzes the history of the interpretation of the book of Job by medieval Jewish exegetes. The scholarship on medieval Jewish thought has focused largely on the systematic philosophical aspects of this literature. The author, however, is concerned with exegesis qua exegesis. He offers a close examination of commentaries on Job written by six major thinkers: Saadiah Gaon (882-942, Egypt and Babylon), Moses Maimonides (1138-1204, Spain and Egypt), Samuel ibn Tibbon (1160-1230, Provence), Zerahiah Hen (13th Century, Barcelona and Rome), Levi Gersonides (1288-1344, Provence), and Simeon ben Zeham Duran (1361-1444, Majorca and Algiers). Saadiah and Maimonides wrote in Arabic, the other four in Hebrew. The author looks at the relationship between the commentaries and their antecedent sources as well as their relationship to the broader context of medieval Jewish thought. He also provides an overview of the questions the commentators confronted about the historicity, national origin, and “Jewishness” of the text. He argues that the commentaries on Job are linked in a coherent and evolving tradition of interpretation and he identifies various views of providence as the central concern of them all.

Keywords: interpretation; Jewish exegetes; exegesis; Saadiah Gaon; Moses Maimonides; Samuel Ibn Tibbon; Zerahiah Hen; Levi Gersonides; Simeon ben Zeham Duran

Book.  337 pages. 

Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies

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Table of Contents

Introduction in The Book of Job in Medieval Jewish Philosophy

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Saadiah Gaon in The Book of Job in Medieval Jewish Philosophy

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Maimonides in The Book of Job in Medieval Jewish Philosophy

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Samuel ibn Tibbon in The Book of Job in Medieval Jewish Philosophy

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Zeraḥiah Ḥen in The Book of Job in Medieval Jewish Philosophy

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Gersonides in The Book of Job in Medieval Jewish Philosophy

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Simon ben Ẓema ḥDuran in The Book of Job in Medieval Jewish Philosophy

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Medieval Jewish Philosophy and the Exegesis of Job in The Book of Job in Medieval Jewish Philosophy

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Job Medieval, Job Modern in The Book of Job in Medieval Jewish Philosophy

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