This chapter shows that the Jewish move to the cities paralleled Jewish social mobility. With urban life came the luxuries and anxieties of the modern age: better business opportunities, better schooling, better housing, and greater consumer possibilities, accompanied by a much faster pace, smaller family size, greater emphasis on proper deportment, and criticism that Jews were too urban and too concentrated in specific professions. Moreover, Jewish loyalties stretched from local to national and from narrower Jewish communal interests to chauvinistic expressions of German superiority.
Keywords: German Jews; social mobility; urbanization
Chapter. 2915 words. Illustrated.
Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
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