Chapter

Constricting and Extinguishing Jewish Life

Trude Maurer

in Jewish Daily Life in Germany, 1618-1945

Published in print March 2005 | ISBN: 9780195171648
Published online January 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780199871346 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171648.003.0026
Constricting and Extinguishing Jewish Life

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This chapter shows how Jews were deliberately terrorized starting in 1933. As of summer 1938 more extreme persecutions peaked in the pogrom of November 9-10 and the arrest and internment of about 30,000 men in concentration camps. This made the defenselessness and isolation of the Jews clear-cut. Even at that time they received little help from non-Jews. Emigration seemed the only remaining option. But this option became virtually impossible once the war started and was finally prohibited entirely in October 1941. At the same time, forced labor and the withdrawal of almost all food stripped Jews of the material basis for survival and all psychological strength.

Keywords: German Jews; Nazi regime; anti-Semitism; violence against Jews

Chapter.  15147 words. 

Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)

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