Chapter

The Ascension of Mars

George Basalla

in Civilized Life in the Universe

Published in print February 2006 | ISBN: 9780195171815
Published online September 2007 | e-ISBN: 9780199786862 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171815.003.0004
 The Ascension of Mars

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Speculation about extraterrestrial life continued in the 19th century, as did the development of the telescope by Sir William Herschel and others. The discovery of the moons of Mars by Asaph Hall in 1877 drew attention to that planet. Thereafter, the Italian astronomer Giovanni Schiaparelli observed Mars closely and became convinced its landscape contained canali (natural or artificial channels). Schiaparelli mapped Martian canali and speculated that they were irrigation canals built by a great Martian civilization.

Keywords: canali; canals; Martian civilization; Asaph Hall; Sir William Herschel; moons; Giovanni Schiaparelli

Chapter.  7000 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: History of Science and Technology

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