Chapter

A History of Powerlessness

Donald M. Linhorst

in Empowering People with Severe Mental Illness

Published in print September 2005 | ISBN: 9780195171877
Published online January 2009 | e-ISBN: 9780199865338 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171877.003.0002
 A History of Powerlessness

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This chapter describes the history of powerlessness of people with mental illness. This helps to put into context current limitations to empowerment and provides direction for creating opportunities for empowering people with mental illness that avoids past mistakes. The chapter is divided into four historical periods including the colonial era (1600s and 1700s), the era of moral treatment and the development of state asylums (1800s), the era of mental hygiene and grow of state hospitals (1900 to 1950s), and the era of deinstitutionalization (1950s to present). Detailed descriptions of treatment and abuse are provided for each era, which often are illustrated by direct quotes from people with mental illness of that era.

Keywords: empowerment; colonial era; moral treatment; asylums; mental hygiene; state psychiatric hospitals; deinstitutionalization; psychiatric treatment; abuse

Chapter.  12839 words. 

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