“Worse Than in the Days of McCarthy”: Kissinger and the Marathon of 1976

Jussi Hanhimäki

in The Flawed Architect

Published in print September 2004 | ISBN: 9780195172218
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199849994 | DOI:
“Worse Than in the Days of McCarthy”: Kissinger and the Marathon of 1976

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Also known as the Halloween Massacre, on November 3, 1975, President Ford announced a number of changes within his cabinet which included Henry Kissinger's removal from his post as national security adviser. Though he was able to retain his job as secretary of state, this apparent demotion of Kissinger is a clear indication that he had become a political liability to Ford's administration. This chapter illustrates how the demotion of Kissinger in November 1975 and Ford's loss in 1976 are intimately linked to a broad criticism of U.S. foreign policy. It demonstrates how the secretary of state became a visible target for those wishing to move into the White House due to his penchant for secrecy and unapologetic realpolitik. Despite Ford's attempt to minimize the secretary of state's visibility, Kissinger's public image remained partly to blame for the downfall of the 1976 Ford bid for the presidency.

Keywords: Halloween Massacre; President Ford; Henry Kissinger; national security; secretary of state; U.S. foreign policy; realpolitik; presidency

Chapter.  13770 words. 

Subjects: International Relations

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