Making Ourselves Miserable

Mark R. Leary

in The Curse of the Self

Published in print August 2004 | ISBN: 9780195172423
Published online September 2007 | e-ISBN: 9780199786756 | DOI:
 Making Ourselves Miserable

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Most negative emotions are not the direct consequences of real emotion-producing events, but rather occur because people imagine themselves in past or future situations and engage in rumination about them. Even when the threat is real, negative emotions often do not help people deal with the danger. This chapter examines the ways in which people create their own emotional distress by imagining future events, thinking about significant others, creating an ego that must be defended against attack, attributing the causes of their behaviors and emotions, and worrying about the appraisals of other people. Among the emotions discussed are anxiety, depression, anger, jealousy, guilt, shame, and social anxiety.

Keywords: rumination; emotion; worry; anxiety; ego-threats; jealousy; depression; guilt; shame

Chapter.  9724 words. 

Subjects: Social Psychology

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