The Rapid Shifts in Stages of the Nutrition Transition: The Global Obesity Epidemic

Barry M. Popkin and Michelle Mendez

in Globalization and Health

Published in print October 2006 | ISBN: 9780195172997
Published online September 2009 | e-ISBN: 9780199865659 | DOI:
 The Rapid Shifts in Stages of the Nutrition Transition: The Global Obesity Epidemic

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This chapter examines the types of shifts in food availability, dietary intake patterns, and obesity that have taken place in developing countries during a period of rapid globalization and urbanization. The effects of globalization and urbanization on dietary and activity patterns and nutritional status in developing countries are complex. These forces are associated with potentially beneficial dietary shifts, such as increases in energy sufficiency and reduced micronutrient deficiency, but also appear to promote potentially obesogenic shifts, such as increased intakes of edible oils, animal foods, and caloric sweeteners. While there have been substantial reductions in undernutrition in this period of rapid development and social change, being overweight has become an increasing problem.

Keywords: food availability; dietary intake; developing countries; globalization; urbanization; obesity

Chapter.  6901 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology

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