Chapter

Car Culture, Transport Policy, and Public Health

Tord Kjellstrom and Sarah Hinde

in Globalization and Health

Published in print October 2006 | ISBN: 9780195172997
Published online September 2009 | e-ISBN: 9780199865659 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172997.003.0006
 Car Culture, Transport Policy, and Public Health

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This chapter discusses the health impacts of car reliance. The various health impacts caused by the modern private motor-vehicle-based transport system includes car crash injuries, lung and heart effects of vehicle-related air pollution, disturbance and blood pressure effects of noise, reduced physical activity and associated obesity, and community disruption from major roads. In addition, greenhouse gases, climate change, and other environmental issues are considered. While there is a convincing and growing body of evidence on these effects, further research is required to fully quantify and understand them. Moreover, comprehensive assessments of the health impacts of transport systems and the value of interventions are essential.

Keywords: globalization; health impact; car reliance; environmental impact

Chapter.  14164 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology

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