Chapter

Islamic Solidarity

Sayyid Jaml and Al-Dn Al-Afghn

in Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives

Published in print January 2006 | ISBN: 9780195174304
Published online November 2007 |
Islamic Solidarity

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This selection appeared originally in an essay entitled al-Taassub al-Jinsi wa al-Taassub al-Dini (Ethnic and Religious Solidarity), which was part of his memoirs, Khatirat Jamal-al-Din al-Husayni al-Afghani (The Memoirs of Jamal al-Din al-Husayni al-Afghani), published in Cairo, 18921896. The author maintains that ethnic identity is a learned, not an intrinsic, trait. It springs from necessity, because human beings are competitive. Thus, societies are graced with lawgivers who can arbitrate disputes with equity and justice. He believes that the principles of Islam function not only to establish a society of the righteous but also to constrain the leader to submit to the sovereignty of the shariah (holy law). Such a society is meant to function without recognition of lineage and dynastic privilege; it rejects tribalism and clannishness. The selection ends with an appeal to the Muslims to consider that their religion is oriented not only to the world to come but also to the present world in which they live. He blames the derelictions of rulers for the hardships that were facing the Muslims on the eve of the twentieth century.

Chapter.  2089 words. 

Subjects: Society and Culture ; Islam

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