Chapter

Nationalism and Islam

Ab-L-Al Mawdd

in Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives

Published in print January 2006 | ISBN: 9780195174304
Published online November 2007 |
Nationalism and Islam

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Mawln Mawdd received an early traditional religious education, which was supplemented by his self-taught knowledge of Western thought. He pursued a career in journalism and in 1933 assumed editorship of Tarjuman al-Qur'n [Exegesis of the Quran], which throughout the years served as a vehicle of his thought. He has been perhaps the most systematic modern Muslim writer, and his many writings have been translated into English and Arabic and circulated throughout the Muslim world. In 1941 Mawdd established the Jamat-i-Islm [the Islamic Association], an extremely well organized association committed to the reestablishment of an Islamic world order or society (politically, legally, and socially). Although originally against any form of nationalism and thus opposed to the establishment of Pakistan, Mawdd nevertheless migrated to Pakistan, after the partitioning, where the Jamat-i-Islm has been very active in politics.

Mawdudi, together with Sayyid Qutb, may be regarded as the intellectual inspiration for the younger generations of the Islamist movement. Although Hasan al-Bann continues to be held in great esteem among this movements followers, their urgency to reestablish the Caliphate resonates more in Mawdudis and Qutbs thought. In this selection, published in 1947, Mawdudi rejects nationalism as a way to animate Muslims. Contrast his view with Bazzazs in this connection. As Mawdudi puts it, Islams goal is a world state, while nationalism would frustrate this purpose; even a mild nationalism requires its advocates to make invidious distinctions between their group and others. By contrast, Islam is universalist in scope and purpose.

Chapter.  1772 words. 

Subjects: Society and Culture ; Islam

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