Chapter

Social Justice in Islam

Sayyid Qutb

in Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives

Published in print January 2006 | ISBN: 9780195174304
Published online November 2007 |
Social Justice in Islam

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Son of a landowner, he completed secondary and college studies in Cairo, obtaining a licentiate in Arabic language and literature from Dr al-Ulm. After a brief tenure as an inspector in the Ministry of Education, he left to devote himself to writing. In 1939 he turned to more religious writing. In 1948 he published Social Justice in Islam and then spent two years in the United States studying educational organization. On his return to Egypt he joined the Muslim Brothers. He spent ten years in prison under Nsir; he was freed in 1964, only to be imprisoned again and executed in 1966 on suspicion of plotting against the government.

In this selection, Qutb emphasizes the familiar argument that Islam is a comprehensive religion that deals with all aspects of life, unlike Christianity which in Europe has been relegated to the purely private sphere. Qutb materializes social justice in the Qurn and advocates what he terms the universal theory that is Islam. As with Mustafa al-Sibai, who wrote more than a decade after Qutb on this theme, Qutb stresses Islams view of life, grounded in mercy, love, help, and a mutual responsibility between all human beings and the fact that Islam does not proscribe material gain but does prohibit it as an end in itself, because that can only promote greed.

Chapter.  2927 words. 

Subjects: Society and Culture ; Islam

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