The Islamic Welfare State

Chapra M. Umar

in Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives

Published in print January 2006 | ISBN: 9780195174304
Published online November 2007 |
The Islamic Welfare State

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Born and raised in Pakistan, Dr. Chapra earned a doctorate in economics from the University of Minnesota. He has held academic posts in America and Pakistan, served as Senior Economist for the Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, and is currently Economic Advisor to the Saudi Monetary Agency.

In this selection, the author notes that Islams position on the acquisition of wealth is a moderate one. Some inequality is acceptable, because the religions provisions acknowledge differences among individuals in regard to their abilities and their contributions to society, but inequity is unacceptable. Islam thus naturally supports a system of welfare to attend to the less fortunate in society. Chapra, like many of the preceding writers, concludes that Islamic society differs completely from both socialist and capitalist systems.

Chapter.  2864 words. 

Subjects: Society and Culture ; Islam

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