Chapter

The Forgotten Duty

Salam Al-Farag Muhammad Abdel

in Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives

Published in print January 2006 | ISBN: 9780195174304
Published online November 2007 |
The Forgotten Duty

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He was an ideologue of Egypt's Islamic Jihad (the group that assassinated Egypt's President Anwar Sadat) and a former member of the Muslim Brotherhood disaffected by its moderate posture. Al-Farag's tract, The Neglected Duty, was heavily indebted to Sayyid Qutb's militant writings and provided the worldview and ideology of Islamic Jihad. At the heart of al-Farag's message and mission was a call to true believers to wage jihad against Egypt's un-Islamic state and its leader in order to establish an Islamic state. Al-Farag was executed April 15, 1982, along with the four assassins of Sadat.

Al-Faridah al-Ghibah (The Neglected Duty), was written in 19791980, but it was first published, in the Egyptian newspaper al-Ahrar, on December 14, 1981, more than two months after the assassination of Egyptian President Anwar Sadat by those motivated by its arguments. Farag echoes Qutb in insisting that jihad is not exclusively defensive and interprets a comment allegedly made by the Prophet that it means fighting, and not simply exerting oneself, for Gods sake. He maintains that true believers should attack their secular rulers first, and then, once successful in that endeavor, attack the external enemies. Farag says the sword verse of the Qurn (9:5) abrogates all 114 verses across 54 chapters of that text that command the believers to live in peace with non-Muslims.

Chapter.  3961 words. 

Subjects: Society and Culture ; Islam

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