in Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives

Published in print January 2006 | ISBN: 9780195174304
Published online November 2007 |

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A fatwa is a formal legal opinion or interpretation given by a jurisconsult (mufti) in response to a request from a judge (qadi) or an individual. Some modern Muslim governments have obtained fatwas to legitimate their reforms.

This authoritative opinion in Islamic law issued by Shaykh Atiyyah Saqr on September 11, 2006, notes that there are many kinds of jihad, which he defines as an effort for Gods sake to achieve a desirable thing or to avert an undesirable one. It stresses that fighting to elevate Gods word was accomplished by force of arms in the early Islamic period. But in the modern era, arms are not needed to remove obstacles in the path of bidding people to Islam. Thus, arms are to be used only to defend the community. Saqr rejects the argument that Islam was originally spread by force of arms and cites as evidence Qurnic verses advocating peaceful relations.

Chapter.  1772 words. 

Subjects: Society and Culture ; Islam

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