Chapter

Detecting Causal Structure

Jessica A. Sommerville

in Causal Learning

Published in print April 2007 | ISBN: 9780195176803
Published online April 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780199958511 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176803.003.0004

Series: Oxford Series in Cognitive Development

Detecting Causal Structure

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This chapter argues that infants' experience of their own actions and the consequences that these actions have on the world play an important role in their developing understanding of causal relations. Recent philosophical theories of causation take an interventionist perspective on causality: If manipulations on one factor (interventions) are associated with a change in a second factor, then the first causes the second. In addition, empirical evidence suggests that both adults and young children readily learn causal structure from enacting and observing interventions. This chapter presents evidence that infants' developing ability to act on the world is intimately linked to their causal understanding. Infants' interventions may enable them to evaluate causal hypotheses and to detect the causal structure of various events in the world.

Keywords: infants; interventions; causal relations; causal learning; causation

Chapter.  6439 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Developmental Psychology

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