Chapter

Rabbis in Palestine, Fifth to Eighth Centuries

Hayim Lapin

in Rabbis as Romans

Published in print July 2012 | ISBN: 9780195179309
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199950355 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179309.003.0006
Rabbis in Palestine, Fifth to Eighth Centuries

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The Palestinian rabbinic texts do not appear explicitly to refer to events later than the second half of the fourth century. Yet much of classical rabbinic literature was produced in the centuries that followed, so that a consideration of this later period is central to understanding of the earlier one as well. In response to recent scholarship has proposed that Palestinian rabbinism declined in late antiquity, this chapter argues that late antique-early Islamic transition should be viewed as a period of literary efflorescence. In addition, inscriptions point to the possibility that this period saw the beginnings of rabbinization, as attested in inscriptions and a legal text of the emperor Justinian. At the same time, Cairo Genizah documents from the transition period point to new and different features in this later rabbinic movement that can be loosely described as the transformation of an association into an orthodoxy.

Keywords: Cairo Genizah; priests; decline; Roman law; Jerome; Epiphanius; Novella 146; Pirqoi b. Baboi; rabbinization; Piyyut; Hekhalot

Chapter.  8333 words. 

Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies

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