Chapter

Glial Targets of Developmental Exposure to Ethanol

Consuelo Guerri, Gemma Rubert and Maria Pascual

in Brain Development

Published in print May 2006 | ISBN: 9780195183139
Published online January 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780199865147 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183139.003.0018
Glial Targets of Developmental Exposure to Ethanol

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Glia are recognized as active partners with neurons as participants in neurotransmission and they play essential roles in axonal conduction, synaptic plasticity, and information processing. In the adult human brain, glia outnumber neurons by one order of magnitude. There are two classes of glia: microglia (which mediate inflammatory responses in the central nervous system) and macroglia. Macroglia are oligodendrocytes and astrocytes. This chapter focuses on astrocytes, which are the most paradigmatic glia.

Keywords: glia; macroglia; neurons; astrocytes; microglia

Chapter.  10805 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Neuroscience

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