Immunoglobulin Allotypes as a Marker of Population History in the Southwest Pacific

Moses S. Schanfield, Frank B. Austin, Peter B. Booth, D. Carlton Gajdusek, Richard W. Hornabrook, Keith P. W. McAdams, Jan J. Saave, Susan W. Serjeantson and Graeme W. Woodfield

in Population Genetics, Linguistics, and Culture History in the Southwest Pacific

Published in print September 2007 | ISBN: 9780195300307
Published online September 2007 | e-ISBN: 9780199790142 | DOI:

Series: Human Evolution Series

 							Immunoglobulin Allotypes as a Marker of Population History in the Southwest Pacific

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This chapter reviews variations across the region for the single most informative polymorphism from the autosomes, the GM locus. There are over 11,000 samples analyzed for GM from Pacific populations. Their pattern of variation reinforces some themes established in the mitochondrial DNA. There is a GM connection between Australian Aboriginal and certain New Guinea populations; between Southeast Asian and Austronesian groups; and between certain Eastern Highlands New Guinea and Island Melanesian populations. The GM pattern also indicates a substantial level of intermixture between Austronesian and Papuan speaking populations in Northern Island Melanesia, which is also echoed in the mitochondrial DNA.

Keywords: GM locus; Papuans; Austronesians; Australian Aborigine; polymorphism

Chapter.  7212 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Evolutionary Biology

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