Chapter

CORE COMPONENTS OF FLEXIBLY ATTENDING

Jed T. Elison and J. Steven Reznick

in Cognitive Neuroscience, Development, and Psychopathology

Published in print August 2012 | ISBN: 9780195315455
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199979066 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315455.003.0008
CORE COMPONENTS OF FLEXIBLY ATTENDING

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The Posner cueing task and the gap/overlap paradigm are widely used developmental tasks that can be administered across multiple levels of analysis (e.g., behavioral, cognitive, and neural levels) and across a wide range of developmental functioning. Considering the overarching theoretical frameworks of developmental psychopathology and developmental cognitive neuroscience, this chapter summarizes findings from performance by individuals with autism spectrum disorders on these specific tasks. In conclusion, this chapter advances a developmental hypothesis that implicates domain-general attentional orienting operations and the neural circuitry that underlies these operations as putative mechanisms contributing to the development of atypical joint attention in infants who go on to develop autism.

Keywords: development; attention; orienting; joint attention; posner cueing task; autism

Chapter.  12949 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Cognitive Psychology

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