Letizia Paoli, Victoria A. Greenfield and Peter Reuter

in The World Heroin Market

Published in print April 2009 | ISBN: 9780195322996
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199944194 | DOI:

Series: Studies in Crime and Public Policy


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This chapter traces the rise of Tajikistan as a narco-state. It explains that until the mid 1990s, heroin was virtually unknown in the country and other opiates were not major sources of concern; however, in less than a decade, Tajikistan has become a key transit country for Afghan opiates bound northward and westward, and a major heroin consumer. Tajikistan has become so dependent on the heroin industry that even leaders of some of the most powerful trafficking groups occupy high-ranking government positions and misuse state structures for their own illicit businesses.

Keywords: Tajikistan; narco-state; heroin; opiates; transit country; Afghan opiates; illicit businesses

Chapter.  7431 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Social Theory

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