Chapter

Schools that Actualize High Expectations for All Youth: Theory for Setting Change and Setting Creation

Rhona S. Weinstein

in Toward Positive Youth Development

Published in print June 2008 | ISBN: 9780195327892
Published online April 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780199301478 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195327892.003.0005
Schools that Actualize High Expectations for All Youth: Theory for Setting Change and Setting Creation

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Despite a large literature about educational expectancy effects as well as current U.S. policy focused on raising expectations in schooling, intervention research has been relatively rare. Drawing upon an ecological perspective, this chapter describes a setting-level theory about the promotion of high expectations for diverse populations of students. Four exemplars of expectancy interventions (de-tracking a high school, turning around a low-performing elementary school, creating a high-expectation elementary school, and developing an early-college secondary school for the first in the family to attend university) illustrate the levers of change. Expectancy change rests upon the capacity to see youth in a more favorable light, as capable of learning despite difference, and upon increased individual and organizational capacity to challenge and support the talent development of a diversity of students.

Keywords: educational expectancy effects; self-fulfilling prophecies; setting change; changing schools; promoting high expectations

Chapter.  8668 words. 

Subjects: Developmental Psychology

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