Chapter

The School Climate for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) Students

Stephen T. Russell and Jenifer K. McGuire

in Toward Positive Youth Development

Published in print June 2008 | ISBN: 9780195327892
Published online April 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780199301478 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195327892.003.0008
The School Climate for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) Students

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Schools are a critical development context for adolescents. Most research focuses on individual students and their development, but a focus on the climate of schools is crucial for analyzing policy innovations as well as student wellbeing. This chapter focuses on the school experiences of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) students, a group for whom school safety is a pressing concern. Drawing from Rogers' (2003) theory of diffusion of innovation, it identifies planned, structural changes in school policies that create positive change in school LGBT climates and for LGBT students. It discusses strategies for measuring individual- and school-level safety and climate, and provides empirical illustrations. The chapter concludes with a discussion of contemporary policy innovations and advocacy efforts that are consistent with an emphasis on improving school climates.

Keywords: gay; lesbian; bisexual; transgender; students; LGBT; high school; school climate; policy; advocacy

Chapter.  7521 words. 

Subjects: Developmental Psychology

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