Chapter

The <i>Testament of Job</i>

David A. deSilva

in The Jewish Teachers of Jesus, James, and Jude

Published in print October 2012 | ISBN: 9780195329001
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780199979073 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195329001.003.0009
The Testament of Job

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The Job of the Hebrew Bible and of the Septuagint is not an exemplar of the virtue of “patient endurance.” On the contrary, he negates the possibility of endurance and challenges God's justice as, in his case, miscarried. Hellenistic Jewish traditions, however, began to develop a different picture of Job, one in which he does indeed become the embodiment of courageous endurance, specifically with a view to God's promised reward. This is particularly clear in the Testament of Job. When James invokes Job as an example of patient endurance to be imitated, and particularly an example in which God's qualities of compassion and mercy are exhibited along with the experience of God's goals for the sufferer, he presupposes traditions about Job such as those also found in the Testament.

Keywords: Job; Testament of Job; endurance; patience; Letter of James; Aristeas the Exegete

Chapter.  7480 words. 

Subjects: Biblical Studies

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