Chapter

The Friend of God and Miracles

Jawid Mojaddedi

in Beyond Dogma

Published in print June 2012 | ISBN: 9780195369236
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199933471 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369236.003.0005
The Friend of God and Miracles

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While Rumi teaches that there is no difference between the miracles of a Prophet (usually termed ‘muʿjiza’) and those of a Friend of God (usually termed ‘karāma’), hee downplays the actual miracles, and stresses instead the lesson that is taught through them, which he identifies as their actual point. As a result, Rumi focuses on the witnesses of a miracle, especially Sufi disciples, and the closeness to God’s presence that they feel as a result. Miraculous interventions also prove that the material realm serves the spiritual realm, which is vividly illustrated by the way that the material needs of Friends of God are taken care of miraculously. The oldest sources reveal a contrasting historical development in discourse about miracles to that of divine communication, from an initial concern to restrict the highest type as the preserve of Prophets, to acceptance that Friends of God can perform superior miracles to theirs.

Keywords: Miracles; karāma, muʿjiza; proximity to God; spiritual and material realms; disciples; Friends of God

Chapter.  10101 words. 

Subjects: Islam

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