Jawid Mojaddedi

in Beyond Dogma

Published in print June 2012 | ISBN: 9780195369236
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199933471 | DOI:

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This conclusion summarizes the findings of the component chapters and draws out their wider significance. The attempts to dismiss universalist interpretations of Rumi as being based on inaccurate popular translations, are shown to be flawed, seeing as the most popular teaching-stories of Rumi are those, such as ‘Moses and the Shepherd,’ which teach that Friends of God and those who aspire to reach their proximity to God are beyond all dogma and laws. Moreover, the later tradition’s attribution of the highest, ‘Prophetic’ divine communication to Rumi is fully consistent with his teachings. The reason why it has been overlooked, despite being central to Rumi’s appeal for centuries, is the privileging of a group of 10th and 11th century theoretical Sufi writings as normative for the tradition. However, this study shows that those works represent an interruption to the development of mysticism among Muslims, at a time when juridico-theological Islam was consolidating its dominance.

Keywords: Moses and the Shepherd; proximity to God; juridico-theological Islam; normative; historical interruption; Friends of God

Chapter.  4107 words. 

Subjects: Islam

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