Chapter

Human Rights

Herbert Gintis

in Understanding Social Action, Promoting Human Rights

Published in print November 2012 | ISBN: 9780195371895
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780199979127 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371895.003.0006
Human Rights

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In Chapter 6, behavioral economist Herbert Gintis calls into question the standard economic model of human motivation. Gintis argues that human social behavior exhibits certain fundamental, transcultural features including (1) a natural predisposition to support certain fundamental human rights; and (2) an evolved predisposition to cooperate with others similarly disposed, even when cooperation is costly, as well as a commitment to punish those who violate cooperative norms, even when punishing is costly to the punisher (what he calls “strong reciprocity”).

Keywords: evolutionary psychology; experimental economics; comparative economics; transcultural norms; altruism; cooperation; game theory; strong reciprocity

Chapter.  8139 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Politics

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