In Chapter 6, behavioral economist Herbert Gintis calls into question the standard economic model of human motivation. Gintis argues that human social behavior exhibits certain fundamental, transcultural features including (1) a natural predisposition to support certain fundamental human rights; and (2) an evolved predisposition to cooperate with others similarly disposed, even when cooperation is costly, as well as a commitment to punish those who violate cooperative norms, even when punishing is costly to the punisher (what he calls “strong reciprocity”).
Keywords: evolutionary psychology; experimental economics; comparative economics; transcultural norms; altruism; cooperation; game theory; strong reciprocity
Chapter. 8139 words. Illustrated.
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