Chapter

Parochialism as a Result of Cognitive Biases

Jonathan Baron

in Understanding Social Action, Promoting Human Rights

Published in print November 2012 | ISBN: 9780195371895
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780199979127 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371895.003.0008
Parochialism as a Result of Cognitive Biases

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In Chapter 8, psychologist and expert on judgment and decision making Jonathan Baron identifies cognitive biases whereby individuals sacrifice self-interest for the benefit of in-group members—especially in the presence of an affected out-group and especially when the effect on out-group members results from omission rather than action. According to Baron's research, people are also misled by a “self-interest illusion,” fallaciously believing that their sacrifices for the group redound to their personal benefit even when their actions incur a net personal cost.

Keywords: social psychology; parochialism; bias; in-group; out-group; self-interest illusion; act-omission distinction; decision making

Chapter.  13853 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Politics

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