Chapter

The Council of Lyons to the Eve of Ferrara-Florence

Edward A. Siecienski

in The Filioque

Published in print March 2010 | ISBN: 9780195372045
Published online May 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780199777297 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372045.003.0007

Series: Oxford Studies in Historical Theology

The Council of Lyons to the Eve of Ferrara-Florence

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Following the Fourth Crusade, attempts were made to heal the schism by means of a reunion council. Although ultimately unsuccessful, these encounters did provide the East with the opportunity to refine its thinking on the filioque’s place (if any) in the theology of the Church. This was especially true following the gathering at Lyons in 1274, when three distinct “schools” of thought emerged in Byzantium. Most fascinating is the third (exemplified by Gregory of Cyprus and Gregory Palamas), which appeared to offer the best hope of resolving the crisis—speaking of the Spirit’s eternal (or energetic) “flowing forth” from the Son while simultaneously denying him any causal role in the Spirit’s hypostatic origin. Yet a majority of the Byzantines remained unconvinced by this position, forcing a divided Greek delegation to travel to Ferrara-Florence to negotiate union with the far more unified Latins.

Keywords: Second Council of Lyons; John Beccus; Gregory of Cyprus; Maximus Planudes; Demetrius Cydones; Barlaam of Calabria; Gregory Palamas; Nilus Cabasilas

Chapter.  8196 words. 

Subjects: Christianity

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