Attachment, Learning, and Coping

Fred Rothbaum, Gilda Morelli and Natalie Rusk

in Advances in Culture and Psychology

Published in print December 2010 | ISBN: 9780195380392
Published online January 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199863501 | DOI:

Series: Advances in Culture and Psychology

Attachment, Learning, and Coping

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The chapter discusses similarities and differences in attachment relationships across cultures. They propose that cultural differences in attachment relate to cultural differences in learning and coping. In European American communities, where the attachment relationship is experienced as a base for exploring and analyzing the world, children who are secure develop change-based ways of coping. In other communities, where children develop attachments that serve as a base for learning to accommodate to a world they see holistically, secure children are likely to develop acceptance-based ways of coping. Implications for insecurity are discussed: Avoidant strategies are more likely when change-based coping is emphasized, and anxious-resistant strategies are more likely when acceptance-based coping is emphasized. These differences in attachment, learning and coping take root in situations that foster a particular sense of self (independent or interdependent), perspective (first-person or third-person) and perception of control (primary or secondary).

Keywords: attachment; security; culture; coping; secondary control; avoidant insecurity; anxious-resistant insecurity; exploration; accommodation; analytic versus holistic

Chapter.  24817 words. 

Subjects: Social Psychology

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