Chapter

The Relationship of Adult Mental Disorders to Socioeconomic Status, Race/Ethnicity, Marital Status, and Urbanicity of Residence

Silvia S. Martins, Jean Ko, Sachiko Kuwabara, Diana Clarke, Pierre Alexandre, Peter Zandi, Tamar Mendelson, Preben Bo Mortensen and William W. Eaton

in Public Mental Health

Published in print July 2012 | ISBN: 9780195390445
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199950416 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390445.003.0007
The Relationship of Adult Mental Disorders to Socioeconomic Status, Race/Ethnicity, Marital Status, and Urbanicity of Residence

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This chapter presents an overview of recent literature and new data on differences in the prevalence of mental disorders across four key social variables: socioeconomic status, race/ethnicity, marital status, and urbanicity. In some cases, these social factors can be risk factors for a mental disorder; in others they can be consequences of a mental disorder (e.g., low educational attainment secondary to a childhood disorder). Also, these social variables can interact with one another and act as confounders, mediators, or moderators in the association of specific mental disorders with specific social factors.

Keywords: mental disorders; socioeconomic status; race; ethnicity; marital status; urbanicity

Chapter.  25353 words. 

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology

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