Chapter

Religion, Science, and Scientism

Peter Gottschalk

in Religion, Science, and Empire

Published in print December 2012 | ISBN: 9780195393019
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780199979264 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393019.003.0002
Religion, Science, and Scientism

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Tracking the various meanings centuries of Europeans have ascribed to the terms religion and science illustrates the diverse interests and period concerns that have informed their use. Religion and science are often viewed as locked in mortal combat, with one's increasing social control coming at the expense of the other's autonomy. However, as current examples demonstrate, despite epistemic changes in Europe, the interaction of religion and science has not diminished with the new millennium. While contemporary examples demonstrate the portrayal of the two as supposedly separate realms of knowledge, they simultaneously demonstrate the fallacy of the religion-science binary. Over the past three centuries, a popular scientific hegemony—termed scientism—has developed and has penetrated most dimensions of Western societies, including religion, while making inroads among cultures across the globe.

Keywords: religion; science; scientism; Europe; Christianity

Chapter.  16591 words. 

Subjects: Religious Studies

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