Chapter

Fezzes and Hats

Sarah D. Shields

in Fezzes in the River

Published in print March 2011 | ISBN: 9780195393316
Published online May 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199894376 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393316.003.0002
Fezzes and Hats

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When Syria’s political leaders left Paris in the fall of 1936, their focus was on the new Franco-Syrian Treaty that promised their independence. On stopping in Istanbul en route to their triumphant homecoming, they were blindsided by Turkish officials and a Turkish press that demanded a different future for the Sanjak [province] of Alexandretta separate from Syria. Chapter 1 sketches the background of the contested territory, the ideological context in which Syria demanded independence and Turkey claimed the Sanjak, and the violence that ensued as Turkish activists mobilized opposition to the Sanjak’s participation in the November 1936 elections to the Syrian Parliament. For the Syrian regime, these elections were the first step toward their promised independence from France, the colonial power upon which they had become paradoxically dependent if they hoped to fulfill their dreams of independence, a policy they called Honorable Cooperation.

Keywords: National Bloc; hat reform; Ataturk; Kemalism; Hatay; Alawi; electoral violence

Chapter.  13641 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Asian History

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