Chapter

The League Decides

Sarah D. Shields

in Fezzes in the River

Published in print March 2011 | ISBN: 9780195393316
Published online May 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199894376 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393316.003.0004
The League Decides

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Angry protests met the announcement that the Sanjak would be detached from Syria, despite French mandatory officials’ efforts to present the agreement as a guarantee of the security of the soon-to-be-independent Syrian state. In preparation for the upcoming elections to the Assembly of the newly independent Sanjak, Arab and Turkish activists tried to recruit potential voters. Ankara redefined the Arabic-speaking Alawis as Turks, creating violent fissures in one of the Sanjak’s poorest but most populous communities. The Arab nationalist League of National Action led opposition to the Sanjak’s new status, opposing French and Turkish efforts to enforce the League of Nations decisions and continuing its attacks on the collaborationist Syrian government. In Geneva, a Committee of Experts drew up a new Statute and Fundamental Law to govern the independent Sanjak.

Keywords: Alawis; League of National Action; National Bloc; Committee of Experts; League of Nations; Syria; Turkey; Arab nationalism

Chapter.  15108 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Asian History

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