Chapter

Transition to Independence

Sarah D. Shields

in Fezzes in the River

Published in print March 2011 | ISBN: 9780195393316
Published online May 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199894376 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393316.003.0005
Transition to Independence

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The Statute and Fundamental Law of the Sanjak of Alexandretta, ratified on May 29, 1937, created an elected legislative Assembly in which each “community” would have its own representation; the proportion of assigned seats would reflect the number of voters registered in each group. Turkish and Syrian leaders escalated their efforts to increase their own group’s registration numbers. The Turkish government accused France and Syria of fomenting the growing violence, while the French colonial officials and the Damascus regime held each other culpable. When the French High Commissioner’s visit had little effect in calming the situation, the mandatory regime closed down activist offices, confiscating papers and weapons. In a dramatic high speed chase, the Sanjak’s Turkish leaders fled across the border. The new electoral commission appointed by the League of Nations toured the province, describing the new electoral regulations to the population.

Keywords: proportional representation; High Commissioner; press; Electoral Commission; League of Nations; independence

Chapter.  14724 words. 

Subjects: Asian History

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