Rehearsal in Algeria

Sarah A. Curtis

in Civilizing Habits

Published in print August 2010 | ISBN: 9780195394184
Published online September 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780199866595 | DOI:
Rehearsal in Algeria

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This chapter opens part II by introducing Emilie de Vialar, a noblewoman who founded her own active religious order, the Soeurs de St‐Joseph de l'Apparition (SSJA) in 1830. Within two years, she had not only attracted followers but was also invited to Algeria, immediately after the French conquest, to provide educational, charity, and health care services to European settlers and the indigenous population. After the appointment of a French bishop in 1839, however, Vialar found her scope of action reduced as Bishop Dupuch sought to limit Vialar's authority as a mother superior. The conflict was adjudicated by ecclesiastics in Rome, who supported the bishop, and the French government reluctantly expelled Vialar from Algeria. At issue were not only the lines of authority between a nun and a bishop but also the conversion activity of Catholics in a Muslim land.

Keywords: Emilie de Vialar; Soeurs de St‐Joseph de l'Apparition; Algeria; French conquest; Dupuch; Muslim; conversion

Chapter.  14072 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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