Chapter

The Mana Colony

Sarah A. Curtis

in Civilizing Habits

Published in print August 2010 | ISBN: 9780195394184
Published online September 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780199866595 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195394184.003.0009
The Mana Colony

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This chapter examines the formation of a mission in Mana, French Guiana, run by the SSJC under Javouhey's direction. First intended as a settlement for French immigrants, this colony was transformed into one for Africans seized in the now illegal slave trade. Javouhey and about a dozen SSJC were tasked with educating and “civilizing” five hundred Africans in view of their eventual liberation. Mana was run as a cooperative agricultural settlement with parallels to the seventeenth‐century Jesuit reductions in Paraguay and also to contemporary utopian colonies. Although at first the French administration gave Javouhey complete control, French officials eventually took over the colony due to concerns that it was not economically profitable.

Keywords: Anne‐Marie Javouhey; Mana; French Guiana; slave trade; Jesuit reductions; utopian colonies

Chapter.  11057 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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