Chapter

Fascist Scholars, Fascist Scholarship: The Quest for Ur-Fascism and the Study of Religion

Elaine Fisher

in Hermeneutics, Politics, and the History of Religions

Published in print February 2010 | ISBN: 9780195394337
Published online May 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780199777358 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195394337.003.0012
Fascist Scholars, Fascist Scholarship: The Quest for Ur-Fascism and the Study of Religion

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In recent decades, a fair amount of controversy has been generated surrounding both Mircea Eliade’s youthful political association and his academic methodology. One particular trend in recent critical literature draws a causal connection between Eliade’s scholarship on religion and his association with the Romanian Iron Guard. According to this critique, Eliade’s approach to the study of religion is symptomatic of his Fascist political leanings and continues to encode and circulate a Fascist mentality in the academy today. This chapter argues that, by means of rhetorical fallacy and semiotic inversion, Eliade’s scholarship has been systematically mapped onto Fascist thought through a number of keyword associations. As a result, the sui generis approach to the study of religion, as well as interest in mythology and the esoteric aspects of religion, becomes problematically construed, in and of themselves, as Fascist enterprises.

Keywords: Eliade; Fascism; religion; history of religions; mythology; esoteric; Adorno

Chapter.  9923 words. 

Subjects: Christian Theology

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