Chapter

The Study of Classical Antiquity at Göttingen

Michael C. Legaspi

in The Death of Scripture and the Rise of Biblical Studies

Published in print March 2010 | ISBN: 9780195394351
Published online May 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780199777211 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195394351.003.0003

Series: HIST THEOLOGY

The Study of Classical Antiquity at Göttingen

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This chapter shifts briefly away from the study of the Bible and focuses on two classical philologists at Göttingen, important representatives of neohumanism: Johann Matthias Gesner and Christian Gottlob Heyne. In the case of Göttingen, the study of Greece and Rome (the discipline of classics) offers a very close parallel to the study of the Bible. Gesner and Heyne were contemporaries of Michaelis who, like Michaelis, found themselves in a precarious but promising situation: to adapt the study of philology to the realities of the new university, or simply fade into the background. Gesner and Heyne adapted, but without embracing the fervent philhellenism of later Romantics. Their vision of a critically reconstructed antiquity fully intelligible to modern ideals resembles the picture of ancient Israel that Michaelis, through nearly five decades of tireless research and publication, labored to produce.

Keywords: classical antiquity; classics; Heyne; Gesner; neohumanism; philhellenism; Göttingen; philology

Chapter.  11991 words. 

Subjects: Christianity

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