Chapter

“The Start of a New Movement Across the South”

Stephen R. Haynes

in The Last Segregated Hour

Published in print November 2012 | ISBN: 9780195395051
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780199979288 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395051.003.0001
“The Start of a New Movement Across the South”

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This chapter describes the genesis of the kneel-in movement in the months after the lunch counter sit-ins of 1960. It details the first wave of kneel-in protests that began in Atlanta in August of that year as a collaboration between the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee and the Atlanta Committee on the Appeal for Human Rights. Emphasis is placed on how the kneel-ins were understood—by those who planned and engaged in them, by those inside the targeted churches, and by those who analyzed and publicized them. An interpretation that emphasizes kneel-ins' dramatic character is developed using the categories of “spectacle of exclusion” and “spectacle of embrace.” Conflicting views of the motives of those who engaged in kneel-ins are considered. Finally, 1960 kneel-in campaigns in Atlanta, Savannah and Memphis are described in detail.

Keywords: kneel-ins; Atlanta; Savannah; Memphis; Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee; Atlanta Committee on the Appeal for Human Rights; spectacle of exclusion; spectacle of embrace

Chapter.  8364 words. 

Subjects: Religious Studies

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