Chapter

Observer-independent Dynamical Measures of Team Coordination and Performance

Silke M. Dodel, Ajay S. Pillai, Philip W. Fink, Eric R. Muth, Roy Stripling, Dylan D. Schmorrow, Joseph V. Cohn and Viktor K. Jirsa

in Motor Control

Published in print December 2010 | ISBN: 9780195395273
Published online January 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199863518 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395273.003.0004
Observer-independent Dynamical Measures of Team Coordination and Performance

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Team performance represents an extension of individual performance. It is an outcome of individuals joining together for the purpose of exploiting one another's individual skills to accomplish successfully a common goal. Current team performance measures are based upon observational analysis coupled with expert evaluation, or event-based measurements. These measures ignore the temporal nature of team behavior and reveal little about the dynamic team processes. This chapter performs an experiment with a four-member team mimicking an urban combat operation, and identifies crucial elements of team behavior in an observer-independent and time-resolved manner. Specifically, team behavior over time is represented as evolving along task- and skill level-dependent manifolds in phase space. Deviations from the manifold of the expert team quantify reduced team performance either via reduced skill or lack of coordination. The results demonstrate that expert team performance is distinguished by a larger degree of team coordination and team awareness.

Keywords: team dynamics; phase space; manifold; team coordination; MOUT

Chapter.  8929 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Neuroscience

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