Chapter

Control of Locomotion

Boris I. Prilutsky and Alexander N. Klishko

in Motor Control

Published in print December 2010 | ISBN: 9780195395273
Published online January 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199863518 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395273.003.0009
Control of Locomotion

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Biomechanical analysis of whole-body locomotion in different conditions is a unique tool for exploring the effects of environmental demands on movement control. This chapter reviews data from the literature and from research on how quadrupedal animals operate their four extremities, select gaits, distribute loads between fore- and hindlimbs, divide labor among joints to generate the mechanical energy necessary for propulsion, and select specific muscles around individual joints to meet various task demands (slope, speed, required accuracy, and perturbations). The data presented in the chapter provide new, important perspectives on the central and afferent mechanisms of whole-body posture and locomotion control.

Keywords: biomedical analysis; whole-body locomotion; environmental demands; movement control; propulsion; slope; speed; accuracy; perturbations

Chapter.  8668 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Neuroscience

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